Article | European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults | When theories become practice - a metaphorical analysis of adult-education school-leaders’ talk

Title:
When theories become practice - a metaphorical analysis of adult-education school-leaders’ talk
Author:
Cecilia Bjursell: Jönköping University, Sweden
DOI:
10.3384/rela.2000-7426.rela9084
Read article:
Full article (pdf)
Year:
2016
Volume:
7
Issue:
2
Pages:
191-205
No. of pages:
15
Publication type:
Article
Published:
2016-10-10


Marketization has changed the education system. If we say that education is a market, this transforms the understanding of education and influences how people act. In this paper, adult-education school-leaders’ talk is analysed and seven metaphors for education are found: education as administration, market, matching, democracy, policy work, integration and learning. Exploring empirical metaphors provides a rich illustration of coinciding meanings. In line with studies on policy texts, economic metaphors are found to dominate. This should be understood not only as representing liberal ideology, as is often discussed in analyses of policy papers, but also as representing economic theory. In other words, contemporary adult education can be understood as driven by economic theories. The difference and relation between ideology and theory should be further examined since they have an impact on our society and on our everyday lives.

Keywords: Metaphors; adult education; school leaders; marketization; education management

Volume 7, Issue: 2, Article 4, 2016

Author:
Cecilia Bjursell
Title:
When theories become practice - a metaphorical analysis of adult-education school-leaders’ talk:
DOI:
10.3384/rela.2000-7426.rela9084
References:

Antikainen, A., & Kauppila, J. (2002). Educational generations and the futures of adult education: a Nordic experience. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 21(3), 209-219. DOI: 10.1080/02601370210127828

Austin, J. L. (1962). How to do things with words, the William James lectures delivered at Harvard University in 1955. London: Oxford University Press.

Barrett, F. J., Thomas, G. F. and Hocevar, S. P. (1995). The Central Role of Discourse in Large-Scale Change: A Social Construction Perspective. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 31(3), 352-372. DOI: 10.1177/0021886395313007

Barros, R. (2012). From lifelong education to lifelong learning: Discussion of some effects of today’s neoliberal policies. European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults, 3(2), 119-134. DOI: 10.3384/rela.2000-7426.rela0071

Benford, R. D. and Snow, D. A. (2000). Framing Processes and Social Movements: An Overview and Assessment. Annual Review of Sociology, 26, 611-639. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.soc.26.1.611

Berger, J. (1972). Ways of seeing. London: British Broadcasting Corporation and Penguin books.

Bergh, A. (2010). Vad gör kvalitet med utbildning? Om kvalitetsbegreppets skilda innebörder och dess konsekvenser för utbildning. (Doctoral dissertation). Örebro Studies in Education 29: Örebro Universitet.

Bergmo-Prvulovic, I. (2012). Subordinating careers to market forces? A critical analysis of European career guidance policy. European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults, 3(2), 155-170. DOI: 10.3384/rela.2000-7426.rela0072

Bjursell, C. (2015). Metaphors in Communication of Scholarly Work. In Helle Neergaard & Claire Leitch (Eds.) Handbook of Qualitative Research Techniques and Analysis in Entrepreneurship (pp. 170-184). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. DOI: 10.4337/9781849809870.00017

Bjursell, C., Chaib, C., Falkner, C., & Ludvigsson, A. (2015). Kvalitetsarbete i vuxenutbildning [Quality work in adult education]. Encell rapport 1:2015. Visby: Nomen förlag.

Bjursell, C. (2007). Integration through framing: A study of the Cloetta Fazer merger.  (Doctoral dissertation). Sweden: Linköping University Electronic Press.

Boje, D. M., Oswick, C., and Ford, J. D. (2004). Language and organization: the doing of discourse. Academy of Management Review, 29(4), 571-577. DOI: 10.5465/amr.2004.14497609

Cardon, M.S., Zietsma, C., Saparito, P., Matherne, B.P., & Davis, C. (2005), A tale of passion: new insights into entrepreneurship from a parenthood metaphor, Journal of Business Venturing, 20(1), 23–45. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2004.01.002

Carlbaum, S., Hult, A., Lindgren, J., Novak, J., Rönnberg, L., & Segerholm, C. (2014). Skolinspektion som styrning. Utbildning & Demokrati – tidskrift för didaktik och utbildningspolitik, 23(1), 5-20.

Cooren, F. (2000). The Organizing Property of Communication. Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. DOI: 10.1075/pbns.65

Czarniawska, B. (2006). A Golden Braid: Allport, Goffman, Weick. Organization Studies, 27(11), 1661-1674. DOI: 10.1177/0170840606068344

Denzin, N. K., & Keller, C. M. (1981). Frame Analysis Reconsidered. Contemporary Sociology, 10(1), 52-60. DOI: 10.2307/2067803

Docherty, J.S. (2004), Narratives, metaphors, and negotiation, Marquette Law Review, 87(4), 847–51.

Fejes, A., Runesdotter, C., & Wärvik, G-B. (2016) Marketization of adult education: principals as business leaders, standardized teachers and responsibilised students. International Journal of lifelong education. Published ahead of print. DOI: 10.1080/02601370.2016.1204366

Fejes, A. (2016). The confessing academic and living the present otherwise: Appraisal interviews and logbooks in academia. European Educational Research Journal March 10, 2016, DOI: 10.1177/1474904116636637.

Fejes, A., & Nordvall, H. (2014). Folkbildning och vuxenutbildning i skuggan av skolkrisen. In L. Stenberg (Ed.), Skolan ut ur krisen: En forskarantologi om framtidens utbildningspolitik (pp.  93-105) [Popular education and adult education in the outskirt of the school crisis]. Stockholm: Tankesmedjan Tiden.

Filander, K. (2012). Discursive turns from ’Bildung’ to managerialism: Memory-work of the Finnish adult education generations. European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults, 3(2), 135-153. DOI: 10.3384/rela.2000-7426.rela0073

Gibb, T. L. (2008). Bridging Canadian Adult Second Language Education and Essential Skills Policies: Approach With Caution. Adult Education Quarterly, 58(4), 318-334. DOI: 10.1177/0741713608318893

Goffman, E. (1986, originally 1974). Frame Analysis. An Essay on the Organization of Experience. Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press.

Goffman, E. (1981). A reply to Denzin and Keller. Contemporary Sociology, 10(1), 60-68. DIO: 10.2307/2067804

Gonos, G. (1977). “Situation” versus “Frame”: The “Interactionist” and the “Structuralist” Analyses of Everyday Life. American Sociological Review, 42(6), 854-867. DOI: 10.2307/2094572

Hardy, C. (2001). Researching Organizational Discourse. International Studies of Management & Organization, 31(3), 25-47. DOI: 10.1080/00208825.2001.11656819

Hatch, M.J., & D. Yanow. (2008), Methodology by metaphor: ways of seeing in painting and research, Organization Studies, 29(1), 23–44. DOI: 10.1177/0170840607086635

Johnson Williams, S. (1986). Appraising Goffman. The British Journal of Sociology, 37(3), 348-369. DOI: 10.2307/590645

Lakoff, G. and M. Johnson (1980), Metaphors We Live By, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Lundahl, L. (2016). Equality, inclusion and marketization of Nordic education: Introductory notes. Research in Comparative and International Education 1745499916631059, first published on February 14, 2016 DOI: 10.1177/1745499916631059

Lundahl, L., Erixon Arreman, I., Holm, A-S., & Lundström, U. (2013). Educational marketization the Swedish way. Education Inquiry, 4(3), 497-517. DOI: 10.3402/edui.v4i3.22620

Milana, M. (2012). Political globalization and the shift from adult education to lifelong learning. European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults, 3(2), 103-117. DOI: 10.3384/rela.2000-7426.rela0070

Morgan, G. (2006), Images of Organization, 2nd ed. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Palmer, I. and Dunford, R. (1996). Reframing and organizational action: the unexplored link. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 9(6), 12-25. DOI: 10.1108/09534819610150495

Perri (2005). Whats in a frame? Social organization, risk perception and the sociology of knowledge. Journal of Risk Research, 8(2), 91-118. DOI: 10.1080/1366987032000081213

Runesdotter, C. (2011). Tensions in the meeting between institutional logics and identities in Swedish folk high schools. Education Inquiry, 2(4), 659-670. DOI: 10.3402/edui.v2i4.22005

Sandberg, F., Fejes, A., Dahlstedt, M., & Olson, M. (2016). Adult Education as a Heterotopia of Deviation: A Dwelling for the Abnormal Citizen. Adult Education Quarterly, 66(2), 103-119. DOI: 10.1177/0741713615618447

Snow, D. A., Rochford, B., Worden, S. K., & Benford, R. D. (1986). Frame Alignment Processes, Micromobilization, and Movement Participation. American Sociological Review, 51(4), 464-481. DOI: 10.2307/2095581

Steger, T. (2007), The stories metaphors tell: metaphors as a tool to decipher tacit aspects in narratives, Field Methods, 19(1), 3–23. DOI: 10.1177/1525822X06292788

Van Maanen, J. (1995), Fear and loathing in organization studies, Organization Science, 6(6), 687–92. DOI: 10.1287/orsc.6.6.687

Van Maanen, J. (2005), Metaphor’, in N. Nicholson, P.G. Audia and M.M. Pillutla (eds), Blackwell Encyclopedic Dictionary of Organizational Behavior (pp. 231–2). 2nd ed, Oxford: Blackwell.

Walsh, J.P. (1995), Managerial and organizational cognition: notes from a trip down memory lane, Organization Science, 6(3), 280–321. DOI: 10.1287/orsc.6.3.280

Wildemeersch, D., & Salling Olesen, H. (2012). Editorial: The effects of policies for the education and learning of adults - from ’adult education’ to ’lifelong learning’, from ’emancipation’ to ’empowerment’. European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults, 3(2), 97-101. DOI: 10.3384/rela.2000-7426.relae5

Wilson, K.B. (2011), Opening Pandora’s box: an autoethnographic study of teaching, Qualitative Inquiry, 17(5), 452–8. DOI: 10.1177/1077800411405432

Volume 7, Issue: 2, Article 4, 2016

Author:
Cecilia Bjursell
Title:
When theories become practice - a metaphorical analysis of adult-education school-leaders’ talk:
DOI:
10.3384/rela.2000-7426.rela9084
Note: the following are taken directly from CrossRef
Citations:
  • Andreas Fejes, Caroline Runesdotte & Gun-Britt Wärvik (2016). Marketisation of adult education: principals as business leaders, standardised teachers and responsibilised students. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 35(6): 664. DOI: 10.1080/02601370.2016.1204366
  • Export in BibTex, RIS or text