Article | European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults | Understanding unskilled work as a condition for participation in adult education and training

Title:
Understanding unskilled work as a condition for participation in adult education and training
Author:
Sissel Kondrup: Roskilde University, Denmark
DOI:
10.3384/rela.2000-7426.rela9064
Read article:
Full article (pdf)
Year:
2015
Volume:
6
Issue:
2
Pages:
159-173
No. of pages:
15
Publication type:
Article
Published:
2015-10-06


This article discusses how to comprehend why people working in unskilled jobs are less likely than other groups to position themselves as educable subjects and engage in adult education and training. The article outlines how different research traditions examining recruitment to and participation in adult education and training reveal and explain distinctive participation patterns. These traditions are critically reviewed to identify how they provide specific understandings as well as certain blind spots. The review reveals a striking absence of research into unskilled work and thus a tendency to overlook how engagement in particular kinds of work condition people’s perception of adult education and training. It is finally argued that future research must pay closer attention to people’s specific work-life and examine how engagement in specific historical, social and material (changing) work practices condition their perception of adult education and training.

Keywords: Adult education and training; participation research; work life experience; motivation; unskilled work

Volume 6, Issue: 2, Article 5, 2015

Author:
Sissel Kondrup
Title:
Understanding unskilled work as a condition for participation in adult education and training:
DOI:
10.3384/rela.2000-7426.rela9064
References:
  • Ahl, H. (2004). Motivation och Vuxnas lärande – en kundskapsöversikt och problematisering. Stockholm: Myndigheten för skolutveckling.
  • Ahl, H. (2006). Motivation in adult education: a problem solver or a euphemism for direction and control?. International Journal of lifelong Education, 25(4), 385-405. DOI: 10.1080/02601370600772384
  • Antikainen, A. (1998). Between structure and subjectivity: Life-histories and lifelong learning. International Review of Education, 44(2-3), 215-234. DOI: 10.1023/A:1003186127299
  • Antikainen, A. (2005). In search for the Meaning of Education and Learning. In A. Antikainen (Eds.), Transforming a learning Society – the case of Finland (pp. 273-296). Bern: Peter Lang.
  • Antikainen, A. (2006). Participation I Adult Education in a Nordic context. In A. Antikainen, P. Harinen & C. A. Torres (Eds.), In from the Margin – Adult Education, Work and Civil Society (pp. 131-146). A W Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.
  • Archer, M. (2000). Being Human: The problem of Agency. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511488733
  • Bélanger, P., & Tuijnman, A. (1997). New Patterns of Adult Learning: A six-country comparative study. New York: Elsevier Science Inc.
  • Biesta, G. (2006). What’s the point in Lifelong Learning if Lifelong Learning Has No Point? On the Democratic Deficit of Policies for Lifelong Learning. European Educational Research Journal, 5(3-4), 169-180. DOI: 10.2304/eerj.2006.5.3.169
  • Billett, S. (2006). Work, Subjectivity and Learning. In S. Billett, T. Fenwick & M. Somerville (Eds.), Work Subjectivity and Learning – understanding learning through working life (pp. 1-17). Dordrecht: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/1-4020-5360-6
  • Boeren, E., Nicaise, I., & Baert, H. (2010). Theoretical models of participation in adult education: the need for an integrated model. International Journal of lifelong Education, 29(1), 45-61. DOI: 10.1080/02601370903471270
  • Brine, J. (2006). Lifelong Learning and the Knowledge Economy: Those That Know and Those That Do Not: The Discourse of the European Union Author(s)’. British Educational Research Journal, 32(5), 649-665. DOI: 10.1080/01411920600895676
  • Brown, P., Hesketh, A., &Williams, S. (2002). Employability in a Knowledge-Driven Economy. (Working Paper 26). Cardiff: School of Social Science, Cardiff University.
  • Brown, P. (2003). The Opportunity Trap: Education and Employment in a Global Economy. (Working Paper 32). Cardiff: School of Social Science, Cardiff University.
  • Christensen, L., Dupont, S., Gale, T., & Hansen, L. E. (1998).Travle halvgamle mænd i uddannelsessamfundet: en undersøgelse af nogle 40-60-årige mænds motivation og barrierer i forhold til voksenuddannelse. København: Roskilde Universitet.
  • Cross, K. P. (1981). Adults as Learners: Increasing Participation and Facilitating Learning. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Desjardins, R. (2009). The rise of education as an economic policy tool: some implications for education policy research. In R. Desjardins & K. Rubenson (Eds.), Research of vs. Research for Education Policy – In an Era of Transnational Policy-making (pp. 18-41). Saarbrücken: Verlag Dr. Müller.
  • Desjardins, R., Rubenson, K., & Milana, M. (2006). Unequal chances to participate in adult learning: international perspectives. (Fundamentals of educational planning 83). Paris: UNESCO, International Institute for Educational Planning.
  • Doray, P., & Arrowsmith, S. (1997). Patterns of Participation in Adult Education: cross-national comparisons. In P. Bélanger & A. Tuijnman (Eds.), New Patterns of Adult Learning: A six-country comparative study (pp.39-76). New York: Elsevier Science Inc.
  • Fejes, A. (2006). Constructing the adult learner: a governmentality analysis. Linköping: Linköping University Press.
  • Field, J. (2006). Lifelong learning and the New Educational Order. Stoke-on-Trent: Trentham Books.
  • Hayes, E.R., &. Darkenwald, G.G. (1990). Attitudes toward adult education: an empirically-based conceptualization. Adult education quarterly, 40(3), 158-168. DOI: 10.1177/0001848190040003004
  • Hefler, G. (2010). The qualification-supporting company .The significance of Formal Education in Small and Medium Organisations. LLL2010 WP 32/PR2. Retrieved December 11, 2011, from http://LLL2010.tlu.ee/publications
  • Hefler, G., Róbert, P., Ringler, P., Sági, M., Rammel, S., Balogh, A., & Markowitsch, J. (2011). Formal adult education in Context – The View of European Statistics. LLL2010 WP 62/PR 4. Retrieved March 3, 2012, from http://LLL2010.tlu.ee/publications
  • Hodkinson, P., & Hodkinson, H. (2004). The significance of Individuals’ Dispositions in Workplace Learning: a case study of two teachers. Journal of Education and Work, 17(2), 167-182. DOI: 10.1080/13639080410001677383
  • Hodkinson, P., Ford, G., Hawthorn, R., & Hodkinson, H. (2006). The significance of formal education & training in adults’ lives. (Learning Lives WP 1). Leeds: University of Leeds.
  • Illeris, K., og samarbejdspartnere (2004). Læring i arbejdslivet. Frederiksberg: Roskilde Universitetsforlag.
  • Johnstone, J., & and Rivera, R. (1965) Volunteers for Learning: A Study of the Educational Pursuits of American Adults. Chicago: Aldine.
  • Jørgensen, C.H., & Warring, N. (2002). Læring på arbejdspladsen. In K. Illeris (Eds.), Udspil om læring arbejdslivet (pp. 37-64). Frederiksberg: Roskilde Universitetsforlag.
  • Klindt, M. P., & Sørensen, J. H. (2010). Barrierer og løftestænger for kortuddannedes opkvalificering. København: Nationalt Center for Kompetenceudvikling.
  • Kock, H., Gill, A., & Ellström, P.E. (2007). Why do small enterprises participate in a programme for competence development?. Journal of Workplace Learning, 20(3), 181-194. DOI: 10.1108/13665620810860486
  • Kondrup, S. (2012). Livslang læring for alle? En arbejdslivshistorisk undersøgelse af det ufaglærte arbejdsliv som betingelse for livslang læring og opkvalifisering. Roskilde: Roskilde Universitet.
  • Larson, A. (2004). Psykosociale forhold i arbejdslivet og kortuddannede/ufaglærtes interesse for uddannelse. København: Danmarks Pædagogiske Universitetsskole.
  • Larson, A., & Milana, M. (2006, September). Barriers towards participation in adult education and training. Paper presented at European Conference on Educational Research, University of Geneva, CH.
  • Larsson, S., Alexandersson, C., Helmstad, G., & Thång, P.O. (1991). Arbetsupplevelse och utbildningssyn hos icke facklärda. (Studies in Educational Science 57). Göteborg: Göteborg University.
  • Lave, J., & Wenger, E. (1991). Situated learning: legitimate peripheral participation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511815355
  • Livingstone, D.W. (2000). Researching Expanded Notions of Learning and Work and Underemployment: Findings of the First Canadian Survey of Informal Learning Practices. International Review of Education, 46(6), 491-514. DOI: 10.1023/A:1026522810394
  • Lynch, H. (2008). Lifelong learning, policy and desire. British Journal of Sociology and Education, 29(6), 677-689. DOI: 10.1080/01425690802423353
  • Nielsen, B.S., Larsen, K., Salling Olesen, H., & Weber, K. (Eds.). (1994). Arbejde og Subjektivitet. Erhvervs- og Voksenuddannelsesgruppen. Roskilde: Roskilde Universitetscenter.
  • Paldanius, S. (2002). Ointressets rationalitet – om svårigheter att rekrytera arbetslösa till vuxenstudier. Linköping: Linköping Universitet.
  • Rainbird, H. (2000). Skilling the Unskilled: access to work-based learning and the lifelong learning agenda. Journal of Education and Work, 13(2), 183-197. DOI: 10.1080/713676988
  • Riddell, S., Ahlgren, L., & Weedon, E. (2009). Equity and lifelong learning: lessons from workplace learning in Scottish SMEs. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 28(6), 777-795. DOI: 10.1080/02601370903293252
  • Rubenson, K. (1975). Rekrytering till vuxenutbildning – en studie av kortutbildade yngre män. Göteborg: Göteborg Universitet.
  • Rubenson, K. (1979). Recruitment to adult education in the Nordic countries – research and outreaching activities. (Reports on Education and Psychology No.3, 1979). Stockholm: Stockholm Institute of Education.
  • Rubenson, K. (2006). The Nordic model of lifelong learning. Compare, 36(3), 327-341. DOI: 10.1080/03057920600872472
  • Rubenson, K. (2011, April). Understanding Participation in Adult learning and Education. Paper presented at 4th Nordic Conference on Adult Learning, Trondheim, NO.
  • Rubenson, K., & Desjardins, R. (2009). The Impact of Welfare State Regimes on Barriers to Participation in Adult Education - A Bounded Agency Model. Adult Education Quarterly, 59(3), 311-331. DOI: 10.1177/0741713609331548
  • Rubenson, K., & Salling Olesen, H. (2007, April). Theorising participation in adult education and training. Paper presented at The Second Nordic Conference on Adult Learning, Linköping University, SE.
  • Rubenson, K., & Xu, G. (1997). Barriers to Participation in adult education and training: towards a new understanding. In P. Belanger & A. Tuijnman (Eds.), New Patterns of adult learning (pp. 77-100). New York, NY: Elsevier Science Inc.
  • Salling Olesen, H. (2002). Experience, language and subjectivity in life history approaches – biography research as a bridge between the humanities and the social sciences? Life History Project, Paper No. 14. Roskilde: Roskilde University.
  • Salling Olesen, H. (2006). Learning and Experience. In S. Billett, T. Fenwick & M. Somerville (Eds.), Work Subjectivity and Learning – understanding learning through working life (pp. 53-68). A.A. Dordrecht: Springer.
  • Salling Olesen, H. (2007). Theorising learning in life history: A psychosocietal approach. Studies in the Education of Adults, 39(1), 38-53.
  • Salling Olesen, H., & Weber, K. (2001). Space for experience and learning theorizing the subjective side of work. In K. Weber (Eds.), Experience and Discourse: Theorizing Professions and Subjectivity (pp. 27-58). Frederiksberg: Roskilde Universitetsforlag.
  • Stalker, J. (1993). Voluntary participation: deconstructing the myth. Adult education quarterly, 43(2), 63-75. DOI: 10.1177/0741713693043002001
  • Volume 6, Issue: 2, Article 5, 2015

    Author:
    Sissel Kondrup
    Title:
    Understanding unskilled work as a condition for participation in adult education and training:
    DOI:
    10.3384/rela.2000-7426.rela9064
    Note: the following are taken directly from CrossRef
    Citations:
    No citations available at the moment
    Export in BibTex, RIS or text